Berger, M. Unlike what happens in heterosexual families, which can involve adoption or a third party in order to procreate, same-sex parents cannot pass as having procreated their children. Gay, lesbian, and trans families in particular call into question the two-parent biological model one mother and one father in which parents produce their own children or can pass as having done so.
Caparros, Montréal, Wilson et Lafleur, p. Arrival of children in gay and lesbian families, by conception method and household type. Your personal values and assumptions can influence your practice in ways you may not be aware of.
Schneider, B. Everything is done to protect the difference between men and women. Apart from the impact of gender and male prerogatives or the advantages connected to higher earnings, these families associate domestic responsibilities with greater power in the relationship.
Delaisi de Parseval, G. Beyond the surprise and indignation caused by the parenting practices of persons in sexual minorities, these topics now appear in a body of research that has them considered as more general issues in the field of kinship, rather than isolated and particular phenomena.
The research led by the child psychiatrist Stéphane Nadaud closely resembles Anglo-Saxon studies.