Independent Monitoring : The government allowed a few restricted visits to prisons by international observers but continued to deny unrestricted access to diplomatic missions for consular visits. According to the government, the NISS maintained public information offices to receive inquiries about missing or detained family members.
Defendants had limited opportunities to meet with counsel and not always were allowed to present witnesses during trial. Freedom of Speech and Expression : Individuals who criticized the government publicly or privately were subject to reprisal, including arrest. Sudan is a republic with power concentrated in the hands of authoritarian President Omar Hassan al-Bashir and his inner circle.
Humanitarian organizations often were not able to deliver humanitarian assistance in conflict areas, particularly in Jebel Marra, South Darfur.
In the case of the fifth victim, the family had not agreed to receive compensation. The government denied allegations it did so. Unlike in the previous year, this included disappearances in nonconflict as well as conflict areas.
The first two court sessions took place October 4 and The amnesty covered "all words and deeds that constitute crimes during the period of the participation in the national dialogue. Humanitarian actors reported unverified cases of civilians, including women, being abducted or detained by government-aligned forces due to their suspected affiliation with the SPLM-N.