However, in a city the size and density of Leicester, the same group of users tends to be visible more constantly, even if their relative proximity changes as one moves across the city. But the factories are no longer the defining feature of local working class life — many more people are employed in retail, catering, and carework.
I use this specific case study to argue that there is a danger in over-extending universalizing arguments about contemporary sexual politics that are based on the experience of life in a small number of major global cities. Capitalism not only requires repression, force, it s one of the first features dealing with gay life on its own terms discipline but also technologies of biopower that incite the population to constantly enlarge and optimize its forces and its capabilities Foucault : Ban Marriage!
The four dimensions demonstrate that the flexibilization of the apparatus of sexuality not only corresponds with neoliberal governmentality, but needs to be conceived as productive element of neoliberal governmentality. Bilder von Sexualität und Ökonomie.
A pictorial history of working class life and politics , Derby, The Breedon Books, While there are an increasing number of studies of lesbian and gay life beyond the metropolitan centres of Australia, North America and Western Europe 13 , the experiences of metropolitan gay men and women are extrapolated from, globalised, and presented as the universal gay experience too frequently and in highly problematic ways.
Cosmopolitan Urbanism , London: Routledge, , p. Using contemporary and historical sources about one medium-sized provincial city in England, this short paper examines the distinctive features of gay life outside major metropolitan cities. The promises of individual freedom and sexual diversity that accompany the neoliberalization of the apparatus of sexuality act as mode of governing that incite a will and desire for a state that relies on a form of governmentality that pursues the privatization of social risk and the violent exposure of subjects to the devastating consequences of the market.